WASHINGTON — A whistleblower report released by a congressional panel on Thursday said President Donald Trump used his office to solicit Ukraine’s interference in the 2020 election to advance his personal political interests, risking U.S. national security.
The Democratic-led U.S. House of Representatives Intelligence Committee released a declassified version of the report made by the whistleblower, which triggered controversy and prompted House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to launch a formal impeachment inquiry into the Republican president.
“I am deeply concerned that the actions described below constitute ‘a serious or flagrant problem, abuse, or violation of law or executive order’ that ‘does not include differences of opinion concerning public policy matters,’ consistent with the definition of an ‘urgent concern’,” the report said.
The report was declassified and released by the committee after weeks of controversy over the matter, which helped lead House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California to launch a formal impeachment inquiry into the Republican president.
However, on the first page of the report, the anonymous whistleblower acknowledged that most of the information was based on second-hand information and news reports.
“I was not a direct witness to most of the events described,” the whistleblower said. “However, I found my colleagues’ accounts of these events to be credible because, in almost allc ases, multiple officials recounted fact patterns that were consistent with one another. In addition, a variety of information consistent with these private accounts has been reported publicly.”
According to a summary of a July telephone call released by the Trump administration on Wednesday, Trump pressed Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to investigate the Democratic presidential front-runner, former Vice President Joe Biden, in coordination with U.S. Attorney General William Barr and Trump’s personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani.
A hearing follows the release of the whistleblower report
Moments after the whistleblower report was made public, the committee began a hearing at which acting Director of National Intelligence, Joseph Maguire, testified about the document after refusing for weeks to share the report with Congress.
“I have upheld my responsibility to follow the law every step of the way in the matter that is before us today,” Maguire added.
Maguire said that he believed the whistleblower had acted in good faith throughout the process.
Democratic Representative Adam Schiff, the committee chairman, asked Maguire in his opening statement to explain why the whistleblower report was withheld. Trump, Schiff said, “has betrayed his oath of office, betrayed his oath to defend our national security and betrayed his oath to defend the Constitution.”
Representative Devin Nunes, a close Trump ally who is the committee’s top Republican, blasted Democrats for pursuing the matter, and media reports about the call and whistleblower report.
“I want to congratulate the Democrats on their latest information warfare effort against the president,” Nunes said sarcastically in his opening statement.
Saying more than six White House officials had made contact about Trump’s communication with Ukraine, the report cited concerns that efforts to put pressure on Ukraine “pose risks to U.S. national security,” undermining efforts “to deter and counter foreign interference in U.S. elections.”
Trump has denied wrongdoing and accused Democrats of trying to destroy him politically.
“Urgent and credible”
The whistleblower report also said, citing multiple U.S. officials, that senior White House officials had intervened to “lock down” records of the call, especially the traditional exact transcript.
“Instead the transcript was loaded into a separate electronic system that is otherwise used to store and handle classified information of an especially sensitive nature,” the report said. “One White House official described this act as an abuse of this electronic system because the call did not contain anything remotely sensitive from a national security perspective.”
A federal law required that the report be sent to lawmakers after an inspector general determined that it was urgent and credible.
Shortly before the hearing, the intelligence committee’s chairman, Democratic Representative Adam Schiff, announced that it had received the declassified complaint and released it to the public.
“This complaint should never have been withheld from Congress. It exposed serious wrongdoing, and was found both urgent and credible by the Inspector General,” Schiff said in a statement.
The whistleblower complaint concerns a July 25 telephone call in which Trump pressed Volodymyr Zelenskiy to investigate Biden and his son Hunter, who had worked for a company drilling for gas in Ukraine.
The whistleblower report said Giuliani was a central figure in the alleged interference effort, and that Barr also seemed to be involved.
And it said that multiple U.S. officials said Ukrainian leaders were led to believe that Trump would only talk to Zelenskiy if the Ukrainian leader would “play ball.”
Trump quickly denounced the report.
THE DEMOCRATS ARE TRYING TO DESTROY THE REPUBLICAN PARTY AND ALL THAT IT STANDS FOR. STICK TOGETHER, PLAY THEIR GAME, AND FIGHT HARD REPUBLICANS. OUR COUNTRY IS AT STAKE!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 26, 2019
Republicans are “underwhelmed”
Under the U.S. Constitution, the House has the power to impeach a president for “high crimes and misdemeanors.” No president has ever been removed from office through impeachment. Democrats control the House and Trump’s fellow Republicans control the Senate.
The United States has been giving military aid to Ukraine since Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014. The $391.5 million in aid at issue in the current controversy was approved by Congress to help Ukraine deal with an insurgency by Russian-backed separatists in the eastern part of the country.
The details of the July 25 call drew furious reactions from Democrats, who accused Trump of soliciting Ukraine’s help to smear Biden, who has led in polls among Democratic candidates seeking to challenge the Republican president in the November 2020 election.
The call occurred after Trump had ordered a freeze of nearly $400 million in American aid to Ukraine, which the administration only later released.
Most Republican lawmakers and allies of the president did not break with Mr. Trump after the contents of the July 25 phone conversation were made public.
“If you are underwhelmed by this transcript, you are not alone or ‘crazy,’” Senator Lindsey Graham, Republican of South Carolina, tweeted on Wednesday.
If you are underwhelmed by this transcript, you are not alone or “crazy.”
Those willing to impeach the president over this transcript have shown their hatred for @realDonaldTrump overrides reason.
— Lindsey Graham (@LindseyGrahamSC) September 25, 2019
Graham served as a House prosecutor during the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton in 1999.
Pluralist contributed to this report.